Kansas Land Use Law encompasses a number
of topics, including planning, zoning and subdivision
regulations.  We also include annexations as part of the
land use process because this is often the first step in
the development of land.

This page summarizes the annexation process in
Kansas.  It obviously is only a quick look at the various
types of annexations, so please feel free to contact us if
you have more specific questions about the annexation
process in Kansas.  You can link to the Kansas
annexation statutes
here and type in 12-519. (pops up
in new window)  

Kansas Annexation Law

Since 1967, Kansas has had a comprehensive statutory
framework for municipal annexations.  Jim has closely
involved in changes in the state's annexation laws
during his time at the Kansas League of Municipalities,
and has worked on many annexation issues since that

Jim categorizes annexations into 3 main types:

Consent annexations of adjoining land

Under K.S.A. 12-520(a)(7), a city may annex land that
adjoins the city when the land owner petitions for or
consents to annexation.  When the consent annexation
involves land that adjoins the city, there is no need to
get county approval, or to adopt a resolution, hold a
hearing or prepare a service extension plan.  

Unilateral annexations

Under K.S.A. 12-520(a), a city                                    may
annex land that meets                                              certain
conditions without the                                          approval of
the land owner and without the approval of the board of county
commissions.  With the exception of the annexation of
city-owned land, these annexations require the adoption of a
resolution of intent, development of a service extension plan
and notice and public hearing on the proposed annexation.

County approved annexations

There are two types of county approved annexations.  
The first, under K.S.A. 12-520c, involves the annexation
of land that does not adjoin the city but for which the
owner has consented to annexation.  For this type of
annexation, the county must make a finding about the
advisability of the annexation before the city can annex
the land.

Under K.S.A. 12-521, a city can annex any land not
allowed to be annexed under other statutes.  This
section requires a city to petition the county for approval
of the proposed annexation.  The City must prepare a
service extension plan in support of the annexation.  In
addition to a county hearing on the annexation, most
cities also hold their own hearings on the proposed
annexation.  This is a complicated process with
numerous requirements for a valid annexation.
James Kaup

Kaup Law Office, LC
214 SW 6th Avenue,
Suite 306
Topeka, KS 66603

Click here to email
James Kaup
Kaup Law Office, LC
214 SW 6th Avenue, Suite 302
Topeka, KS 66603
Land Development, Land Use and
Planning, Municipal Law, Annexations,
Development Agreements
Kansas completely recodified its planning and zoning statutes
effective January 1, 1992.  
K.S.A. 12-741, et seq., establishes
the framework for planning and zoning in both cities and
counties.  Although the procedural requirements tend to differ
somewhat based upon how cities versus counties enact local
law, the substantive provisions are the same with just a few

As noted in K.S.A. 12-741, the statutes are not intended to
prevent the enactment or enforcement of additional laws and
regulations on the same subject which are not in conflict with
the provisions of the act.  Thus, although any city or county that
engages in planning and zoning must comply with the statutory
requirements, and may not engage in any prohibited acts, they
still may rely upon home rule power to adopt local laws that are
in addition to, but not in conflict with, the statutory scheme.

Jim believes that planning and zoning regulations should be a
vital and positive part of any local government.  Although land
use regulations are often viewed as restrictive and reactive,
thoughtful land use regulations can also help a local
government to operate proactively by promoting economic
development and minimizing the damage done by natural
Kansas Zoning Law
Once a city or county has adopted a comprehensive plan, it can
adopt subdivision regulations.  There probably is not a land use
decision that will have more long term effects on a community
than the approval of a subdivision.  A new subdivision sets a
pattern upon the ground that is very difficult to change,
especially once people begin to acquire land within the

Subdivision regulations also generally contain the standards
for the development of public infrastructure, including roads,
sidewalks, sewers, water systems, open spaces and more.  
Local governments must have thoughtful and current
subdivision regulations that will permit them to thoroughly
review and evaluate any proposed subdivision.
Kansas Subdivision Law